Effective methods of educating special students

The education of individual students, each school, each teacher has its own way of handling and educating. Regardless of which method we apply, however, we should ensure a combination of discipline and love.

In recent years, public opinion and the online community have been buzzing about cases of forced expulsion and expulsion of special students at the school. Isolated students always exist in educational environments, how to handle special students to both deter and educate students on the basis of love? is not an easy question to answer.

First, we understand what an individual student is?

The term "individual students" refers to disobedient students who often cause fights, miss time, truant, do not comply with school rules ... in addition to the attraction of friends to their side in order to satisfy their needs. personal satisfaction or satisfy the need to relieve the inhibited psychology of their own situation. It is a psychological phenomenon in adolescents, easily attracted, making students susceptible to infection with bad habits leading to dropping out of school midway and at risk of committing crimes. school, family and society.

Many factors make students special students, but we have only mentioned a few that have a direct impact on students. Giving rise to unhealthy thoughts and emotions that affect the formation of their personality and limit their learning ability.

The development of society according to the market mechanism entails another unhealthy part such as unhealthy entertainment services, violent movies, excessive love of boys and girls. Currently, due to the lack of strict management of the state, billiards, internet, karaoke ... are held near the school, attracting and attracting children into useless games. Children engage in such games leading to missed school hours and other infractions. At the same time, TV channels show some movies with violent images that children can easily imitate. The entertaining short videos and clips of groups of young people are shared widely without strict control, including a lot of content that is not educational but very easy to attract students' curiosity. born. In addition, the daily entertainment venues are numerous, making the children unable to control themselves.

Effective methods of educating special students

The time students study and live at school are managed and guided by the teachers, teachers, class officials, the school, which is a condition for them to study well and practice their personality. But most of the time they spend at home: self-study, work, play. With that time for most students who have a study schedule at home, being aware that studying at home is a time to help them memorize old lessons, practice and study new ones, prepare for the next school day, while also helping with the household chores. Those are the students who are really self-disciplined in learning and under the educational management of their families. If the children are not aware of their studies, and their families are not interested and do not create favorable conditions, their learning will not be satisfactory, the quality will be affected, they will study poorly, lose to their peers. friends lead to boredom, drop out of school.

Some measures to educate special students

Educating special students through school hours 

In order for students to grasp the assessment and rating of conduct  (HK), that is, the standards they have achieved in the process of training their conduct, the school needs to inform them of the levels of ratings. HK category (good, fair, average, weak). If they understand it, they will avoid the violations that they make, so that they won't have to be classified as weak HK, not have to be listed in the list of special students.

Organize for students to discuss school rules and guide them to implement the rules, with a fair and objective system of praise and criticism. During the flag-raising ceremony at the beginning of the week, it is necessary to evaluate and comment carefully, set an example of good people and good deeds for the children to follow, and limit violations of classroom and school rules.

Educating special students through classroom activities 

In addition to educating students through school hours, class time (SHL) is also very important in this regard. Because through the SHL class, the teacher and the class officer promptly correct the mistakes and shortcomings of the students when they are violated, using the affection of friends, using the meaning of teachers and students to make them see their own shortcomings. At the same time, with the sincerity of the teachers and students in the class, students who violate will soon realize their mistakes and correct them.

While educating children, industrial teachers should not be heavy on criticism and criticism, but must find and correctly determine the causes that have affected them, causing them to make mistakes, violate, and apply the terms and conditions. in the rules, in the grading rules, let them see the extent of the violation and give directions for them to overcome. 

Collaborate with the Parents Association (PH) of students

The Student Association is the bridge between the school, the teacher and the student's family. The organization of the Association, in addition to helping the school build facilities, also contributes to the school's education for special students. Standing Student Association helps schools and teachers by working with PH to educate students from dropping out, truant to attending school diligently and studying seriously. On the other hand, the Center of the Parents' Association has influenced the children's families so that their parents are more concerned and responsible for their children, thereby limiting the disobedient students.

Coordinate with Unions and other forces in society

At present, in many localities, residential areas and cultural villages have been formed. It is a good condition for Unions to work with the school, thereby educating students. Unions, local authorities help members build a cultural family, limit the situation where parents leave their children to work, family discord gradually ceases, from which parents will have better conditions for taking care of their children's education.

Educating special students by making friends

Usually, students of the age group are easily affected by bad habits, but they are also easy to absorb good things, easy to immerse themselves in games of high collective and educational nature. Therefore, teachers should assign a group of good friends with the same circumstances, similar interests and dreams to live and study with this object, gradually enticing them to integrate into useful games, thereby eliminating them. the guilt is that students are bad and then together with the members of the class build a strong team.

On the other hand, through a good group of friends, teachers assign special students to perform some tasks, create conditions for these students to complete and encourage them so that they can erase their inferiority and inferiority complex. is a special student to mingle with friends. In addition, it is possible to mobilize the family of a good group of friends to participate in helping these students by giving them the mentality of seeing your family as their own, creating conditions for them to participate in learning. with your children to gradually separate from the group of friends who are not good. This work is also an effort in which the role of the teacher is very important and the participation of the Parents' Association is very necessary.

The method of "tighten soft dough"

When you're young, riots are inevitable. Strong measures such as discipline or loudly scolding and scolding students will sometimes not be as effective as being soft and patient. Everyone wants to be a good and good student, but for family reasons, physiological reasons and many other reasons leading to the negative actions of some students. First of all, teachers should find out the cause and use softness to empathize with their students.

Educating individual students, combining discipline and love

Do not for some temporary expression of students that assign them the name "individual student". Besides, teachers also need to pay attention to the psychology of the children's ages because "the middle and high school stages are quite sensitive and there are disorders of puberty. Sometimes the rebellious reactions are due to the children's lack of control."

For bad students, special students, teachers must correct and orientate them as soon as they make small mistakes to avoid leading to big problems and then be forced to take disciplinary measures against students. Discipline is a form of education, not only educating the offending student but also deterring other children. However, discipline is the last form of education that must be resorted to.

Education is a special activity because the product created is human. Therefore, discipline should still be used, but discipline combined with love. Only then will the new teacher not carve the wounds on the spirit of the student later on. Do not make the students fall into the state of seeing themselves as isolated and alone in the class and then generate negative reactions such as fear and low self-esteem. The purpose of this is to "raise high and lightly hit" and with the desire to help students have better discipline. Is this the best way to deter and educate students when violating, especially students in the age of psychological development.

For the most part today, students spend more time at school than at home. In the school, there are teachers to teach, but at home, the parents are worried about work, so they will not be able to spend much time to protect the children. 

So, when expelling school, is it indirectly taking students out of society with many pitfalls, pushing students closer to these social evils?  While there are many possible solutions such as a schoolwide warning, place the student in a special education team at the school.

In fact, this is not a new way of dealing with student violations. This way has long been formed in the education system of our country. Many advocates believe that this is a way to intimidate these students into re-offending, but does it have the opposite effect? Middle school and high school are sensitive ages, this expulsion is actually only a little deterrent, the rest have a careless mentality after being expelled. And their ability to easily approach the bad elements in society is very high.

Surely we all remember the two verses of President Ho Chi Minh: "Being evil is not a preset / Much of it is due to education". Therefore, when using strong measures against students who commit mistakes, those responsible should consider it very carefully.

The position of the Ministry is not to expel students

Dealing with student fights, each school has its own way. Schools directly expel students while some schools only discipline reprimands and reminders.

In this regard, Mr. Tran Quang Quy, former Deputy Minister of Education and Training , said that the view of the Ministry is that schools must educate children to be human. If the school does the task of educating, if it turns its back on the students, it will push them out of the society. It is non-educational work. To a certain extent, schools should educate and teach children. But if the children have had a fight that leads to a violation of the law, they will be handled in accordance with the law. Until then, it is no longer under the decision of the education sector.

The point of view of each school is different, so the handling of this issue is different. There are schools with good grades, students are very obedient, the actions of students fighting will cause them to be expelled from school. In some other schools, they found that students' fighting was not too serious, so they only gave warnings. There are also schools, expelling students not only because the student fights, but also because the student has had many shortcomings before. However, the Ministry has always reminded schools not to push their children out into society without being educated. Every year, the Ministry has written directives to schools.

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