What Is Color Coverage? Common Basic Color Standards

Color coverage is one of the most important parameters in the field of graphic design and printing, this parameter will also tell you that it is the color and quality of the product.  A screen with a large color coverage will give better color quality. So  what is color coverage  ? and its role to the above areas?.  Let's find out  with WebTech360 !

What is color coverage? 

Color gamut is a term that refers to a subset, within the limits of actual colors. It demonstrates the ability of equipment for photography and digital graphics in color reproduction.

So what is the standard for color coverage? sRGB, DCI-P3 or Adobe RGB are standard color ranges and can be viewed as reference systems. They are used to approximate the color performance of typical devices in this field such as video recorders, displays and digital printing.

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

Common basic color standards 

sRGB – the traditional standard

This is the range of colors that apply to screens, printing techniques and the internet. Today, for popular monitor models, sRGB is still considered a fairly common standard. Most of the color coverage parameters of current popular screen models when sold are based on the sRGB standard printed on the packaging.

This is the color standard with the smallest coverage among the color ranges. So what ability does it bring to color coverage? If you are a person who only plays games, watches movies for entertainment and does not require too much, a screen with color coverage in the range of 95 - 100% of sRGB is enough to bring great experiences. great.

Adobe RGB – graphic and printing standard

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

The Adobe RGB color standard was announced in 1998 with significantly greater color coverage than the sRGB standard. With the influence of Adobe and its suite of creative software, Adobe RGB was instantly popular in the fields of graphic engineering and printing technology.

Currently, usually only specialized monitors for graphics can achieve close to or 100% of the color coverage of the Adobe RGB standard.

DCI-P3 – cinema standard

DCI-P3 is considered the standard color standard for the US film industry. DCI-P3 has smaller color coverage than Adobe RGB and greater than sRGB. Recently, the DCI-P3 standard is also a hot trend for gamers because it brings a more advanced experience to their gaming monitors.

So what is the application of DCI-P3 with color coverage? Because it is the color standard of American cinema, DCI-P3 will often have very optimal color quality for watching movies. Watching Blue-Ray movies with over 90% color coverage DCI-P3 is one of the great examples.

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

Elements that make up a color standard screen 

Panel technology

Panel technology is a very important element to contribute to a standard color display. OLED is the best display technology available today, bringing together the strengths of previous generations such as CRT, LCD, Plasma and LED.

Wide color range

The measure of the color standard is the human eye reference system. Therefore, display or printing devices need to compare with the colors that the human eye can see. Color has no meaning if it cannot be seen by the human eye. 

Color correction

What is the effect of this element on color coverage ? The color calibration helps the screen to show its full potential. In which, Color shift and Delta E are two important indicators for this operation. There are also a few other metrics used to evaluate a color standard monitor such as the number of pixels, color bit-depth, etc.

Color depth

To display color, each pixel on the screen reads a certain bit. Digital depth (bit - depth), that is, the larger the number of bits that each pixel can read (or describe in color), the greater the ability to display color.

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

Resolution

The number of pixels displayed on the main screen is the resolution and this number is usually calculated in vertical and horizontal rows. The higher the resolution, the more pixels, the more detailed the image and color.

High Dynamic Range – HDR (High Dynamic Range)

HDR increases the range of light sensitivity (increasing the difference between light and dark), which allows for more accurate images, creating a sharper image. Backlit images are easy to blur without HDR.

Instructions for calibration of professional color balance equipment

The best way to adjust the screen color is to use a color scale device. If in case you do not have a monitor scale, what is the way to calibrate the color coverage?

To calibrate the Lcd - Laptop screen with Calibrize software, you need to follow these 3 simple steps:

Step 1: Adjust brightness and contrast

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

In this step, the software will display 2 images side by side: gray circle on black background and white background. If you can clearly see the two gray circles in the image, there is no need to adjust this step.

On the contrary, you need to adjust the contrast of the screen to the maximum and adjust the brightness so that the gray circle on the black background can be clearly seen. You then keep that brightness and adjust the contrast so that the gray circle on the white background is clearly visible. Then you move on to step 2.

Step 2: Adjust the screen color

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

Red - green - blue are the three basic colors that make up the colors on the screen. Your job is to adjust the sliders so that the circles are in harmony with the surrounding background color. However, these adjustments may cause the brightness adjusted in step 1 to no longer be "standard". If necessary, you will have to repeat step 1 to calibrate the light.

What Is Color Coverage?  Common Basic Color Standards

Step 3: Save the configuration

Hopefully this article has given you a basic understanding of color coverage as well as a guide to color coverage parameters . If you have any questions, please contact WebTech360 for answers

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